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12:53 AM
Q: How were artisans trained in ancient civilizations?

redapple8787I would like to know how artisans like potters and blacksmiths were trained to specialize in their trade in ancient civilizations. Was there anywhere else they could get training besides their relatives, friends, or neighbors? Could they possibly travel to a different city-state to receive train...

4 hours later…
4:39 AM
Q: Has any state ever forcibly expelled part of its territory?

Kevin KrumwiedeThroughout history, states (countries) have broken away from other states to become independent, usually against the will of the parent state. But has there ever been a case of a parent state forcibly expelling part of its own territory against the will of the people who live there? To be clear...

9 hours later…
1:14 PM
Q: Before the Great War, was the word "Poland" typically used to refer only to the Russian partition of Poland?

BregaladBefore World War 1, Poland was partitionned between Prussia, Austria-Hungary and Russia. However I have strong reasons to suspect that the word "Poland" was at that time referring specifically to the Russian partition. Example in this map, the word "Poland" is clearly written over the Russian pa...

1:28 PM
That's Congress Poland.
1 hour later…
2:32 PM
Q: Who were the first cartographers to include rich content in their maps that went beyond spatial points, borders, and location names?

maximumViableIn other words, who were the early cartographers best known for enriching their maps with imagery or icons that indicated other attributes about the locations they were mapping, or the people who lived in those locations?

2 hours later…
4:53 PM
That would probably be the ones who first applied "pictures" to the itineraries that had previously served as maps.
An early application of multimedia technology, I suppose. ;-)
6 hours later…
10:40 PM
Q: Europe: When did Primogeniture replace Gavelkind inheritance system?

JotunnFor example, Charlemagne and Carloman inherited the divided Frankish Kingdom after their father, and so did Charlemagne's grandsons - a thing that caused the total divison of the Frankish Empire into separate realms. When did Europeans realize the Gavelkind of old Salic Laws is perhaps not the b...


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