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2:24 AM
Magnetricity applications incoming
3 hours later…
1 hour later…
6:19 AM
Q: Why was this question considered "big list?"

Cort AmmonI recently asked what the most precice measurement we have taken is (What is the most accurate physical measurement ever measured? [on hold]). With 33 views and 6 upvotes, it got mod-hammered as being a "big list," with the implication that I was asking for a long list which has no single answer...

1 hour later…
7:29 AM
Mood Gorning!
Just finished the final schematic. How does it look?
Problem is, I don't know the values of C3 to C10 and D1 to D12 :P
The circuit is divided into an 555 astable multivibrator, a transformer, a Cockcroft Walton voltage multiplier and a rectifier.
2 hours later…
@NovaliumCompany It's probably better to put the transformer after the voltage multiplier. The value for the capacitors isn't that critical, you want it to be high, but not too high. I think I used 100 or 250 uF in my ion generator. But they do need to have a high voltage rating. Any diodes that are suitable for use in rectifiers should be ok.
But you really should ask the people in Electrical Engineering. I just had a quick peek, and there was a recent conversation about voltage multipliers. I assume there are people there who've made high voltage stuff, like rail guns, which need a lot of current, so a low current circuit like yours should be simple for them.
10:03 AM
Q: Is this the proper way to create a high voltage (low current) straight DC signal from a 9V battery?

Novalium CompanyMy goal is to create a circuit that will take in a 9V DC battery as input and produce a high steady +1500V DC signal. I don't need high current at all. 1 microamp of current will do. The scheme goes like this: I use an astable multivibrator to generate a square wave. I replace the speaker with...

@PM2Ring Got it, thanks
2 hours later…
11:48 AM
@PM2Ring What do you mean "high voltage rating"? How many volts?
12:13 PM
@PM2Ring Nvm about the high voltage rating, figured it out
@PhysicsMeta @ACuriousMind & other mods, that question absolutely does not belong on HNQ
12:48 PM
Good afternoon.
I just bought all the components except the transformer. The store lady told me that I am mistaken. I asked for a transformer that converts 9V to around 400V and she told me no such thing exists. So what do I do. She told me to be more specific in what I need so I told her I'd return.
Also the capacitors I bought are polarized. Is that a problem for my circuit?
I told the lady I want a transformer that amplifies the voltage around 45 times and she said they don't sell such transformers. She said they have 9V to 220V or something like that
1:19 PM
@NovaliumCompany You aren't drawing much current, so you don't actually need a power transformer. As I said several days ago, I once used an audio transformer connected to a buzzer to generate high voltage. Such transformers are designed to match impedances. IIRC, mine matched 8 ohms to 300 ohms, (so it had a 8 : 300 turns ratio). I assume such things are still easy to obtain. I used to recycle parts from broken radios, etc.
@NovaliumCompany It could be a problem. All the voltage multiplier circuits I've seen use unpolarised caps. What's their voltage rating?
But as I said before, the guys on EE should be able to give you better advice about all of this stuff.
2:12 PM
@enumaris Give me a moment to get a reference. There's an IEEE paper, but let me see if I can find something non-paywalled.
@PM2Ring 63V
@NovaliumCompany Your schematic will likely fry your diodes if you aren't careful with the ratings. Also, you have a transformer to a dickson charge pump that you are then rectifing. I would have the transformer before the diode crossbar rectifier.
@bdegnan Yep, @PM2Ring told me that. Will do.
@PM2Ring So I should ask the store lady for a audio transformer? What specification? (8:300 won't do it, cuz final voltage is 1350, and I need above 1500). What are they likely to sell that will do the job?
2:27 PM
The isolation voltage is likely not that high for audio.
you don't want to arc back.
@NovaliumCompany You should ask the guys on EE. Work out what you really need before you go off & buy stuff.
@bdegnan Good point, although I managed to get enough voltage to generate small sparks in the output without getting any noticeable arcing in the transformer. IIRC.
3:17 PM
@PM2Ring Well, I thought I had worked it out. I asked the EE guys a billion times and they said a transformer is fine. You also never told me a transformer would be problem. What's going on?
3:51 PM
@NovaliumCompany transformers are isolators. I have transformers that can isolate from 1V to 1MV.
Audio usually only isolates up to 120V-ish.
@bdegnan So transformer better?
4:23 PM
@EmilioPisanty Pinging me here before 6pm on a weekday is unlikely to have any effect ;)
4:58 PM
@NovaliumCompany A transformer is fine. But there are various types of transformer optimized for various purposes. A shop assistant at an electronics shop can be expected to have some knowledge of the products they sell, but they may not be experts at electronics.
@bdegnan I see you removed your post. If you find a non pay-walled paper just at me and let me know thanks! If you can't find a non-pay-walled paper, the IEEE paper is also good, I can figure out some way...lol.
As I've mentioned, my own knowledge of electronics and circuit theory is very rusty because I've hardly done anything with it for several decades. Which is why I suggested communicating with the EE guys.
Well, it will still have an effect. Just not an immediate one :P
@enumaris I removed it because it was something else. I accidentally started typing something to Novalium but I was in the wrong language mode. :/ I've asked Dr. Hasler for a document that wasn't paywalled.
5:07 PM
:D thank you very much!
most of the IEEE things are paywalled. She has other things other places, but she published so much stuff that it's difficult for me to find it.
yeah...that can definitely be an issue
a good problem to have though lol
@PM2Ring Would buying 2x transformers (9V to 220V) and hooking them up work to produce ~440V?
@NovaliumCompany no. You have a scaling factor of 1:23. Two would give you $23(23)$
@bdegnan Yep :P soo what can I do to amplify the voltage ~45x?
5:24 PM
how much voltage do you need? 10v to 450v?
@bdegnan 9V to +1500V
I use a voltage multiplier to multiply the 9V 4x so you get 36V, from there I use a transformer to get it up even more and in the end I rectify.
You'll have to wrap that yourself likely. How much current? so, 150x the input.
How many Hz input?
@bdegnan Very little, around 1 microamp is enough
@bdegnan I use a 555 timer, the control pin is hooked to a 100nF capacitor but I don't know how many Hz is that
give me a moment
you'll need to buffer the output. How precise do you need the output voltage?
The 555 can control the output voltage
what are you using this for btw?
@bdegnan Long story... to control charged TiO2 particles submerged in water with NaOH
Should I be worried about any components frying out? The resistors and diodes seem pretty tiny is size :P
Is this a university project? The physics guys will have controlled supplies for this. If the current is low, you won't fry anything.
@bdegnan Not a university project
@bdegnan The turns ratio of the audio transformer you sent me is 13.68:1. I don't think it's enough to lift 36V to +1500V
You need two in series
That's 187-ish
I was looking at a 9V source
1684 with a 9v source with two in series.
@bdegnan What should I ask the store lady? 2x audiotransformers with around 13:1 ration?
Wouldn't it be easier if I just continued the voltage multiplier?
I think I'll wire up my own transformer, cuz I'm not paint 40$ for two of those :P
@NovaliumCompany you can use 2x of those audio ones as long as you don't violate the isolation on the output stage to a lower voltage. Audio is cheap. You could just use two and see how it goes. You'll need to be sure that the AC frequency is audio range: 10Hz to 2.2kHz. Make sure that the 555 is outputing a value in that range.
@AaronStevens It's not such a rare attitude, cf. also "If you can't explain it to your grandmother, you don't really understand it"
@EmilioPisanty I read his blog every weekend :-)
6:26 PM
@bdegnan Well, I just tested the 555 timer part on a breadboard and it seems to work, although I am not seeing any blinking on the LED. Is it just too fast?
I found an audio transformer Power: 3W, Resistance: 3 Ohm, 100V will this do the job?
What do they mean by 100V?
6:46 PM
@NovaliumCompany That part is a 3mA part, so as long as you don't need more that that, you'll be fine. Regarding the LED, most likely. Do you have an oscilloscope anywhere? that'd be helpful
(keep in mind for high voltage projects, oscilloscopes are super easy to fry if you have the wrong probes. My scope was like 10k, and each probe is 8k.)
I measure up to 20k volts pretty regularly.
You could just use a resistive divider to get 1000x divider to see your output voltage
@bdegnan No oscilloscope :P
@NovaliumCompany Do you have some old earphones? You should be able to hear the tone. Don't use new ones, in case you fry them. :) Alternatively, calculate the frequency. The formula should be easy to find.
a $20USD chinese board might save you hours. The earphones are an excellent idea.
I have a speaker and I hear a tone
which mean it works?
you are in audio range, so the audio transformers will work
6:53 PM
I googled but I still don't quite understand what's the difference between a conventional transformer and an audio transformer. All I know is they have difference in the winding, but what about function?
I tested the 555 timer circuit with a speaker and I hear a tone. That means it's working? I suppose the tone is a square wave?
@ACuriousMind Yeah I know. I just find it amusing that the attitude is "this is physics, so don't bring math into it".
@AaronStevens Galileo would be rolling in his grave.
"Philosophy [nature] is written in that great book which ever is before our eyes -- I mean the universe -- but we cannot understand it if we do not first learn the language and grasp the symbols in which it is written. The book is written in mathematical language, and the symbols are triangles, circles and other geometrical figures, without whose help it is impossible to comprehend a single word of it; without which one wanders in vain through a dark labyrinth." - Galileo
What if math is just another way of sensory perception. In vision, we see part of reality, with hearing, another part. Math can be considered our logical way of perceiving reality
Math alone is not a way of perceiving reality because there's plenty of math entirely unconcerned with reality :P
That part which you say is unconcerned with reality, may be concerned with reality, but we haven't found out how yet. Or we are not congnitively advanced enough yet. Maybe Elon Musk's Neuralink can help xDDD
7:23 PM
@ACuriousMind you mean unconcerned with applied reality :p
We are all servants to mathematics; we are all mistresses to physics.
7:58 PM
@enumaris here's the paper that I was looking for that shows speech recognition: hasler.ece.gatech.edu/Published_papers/FPAA_Papers/…
title={A programmable and configurable mixed-mode FPAA SoC},
author={George, Suma and Kim, Sihwan and Shah, Sahil and Hasler, Jennifer and Collins, Michelle and Adil, Farhan and Wunderlich, Richard and Nease, Stephen and Ramakrishnan, Shubha},
journal={IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems},
I made a lot of that IC, but I was excluded because I picked a fight with Dr. Hasler. :P
8:52 PM
Q: Unable to Post Questions

StackUpPhysicsI was just now trying to post a question via my Android based smartphone using the App on Physics SE but it is not accepting my question and sending a message stating that we are no longer accepting questions from this user. However I have neither been banned nor held guilty for any sort of misco...

9:20 PM
@bdegnan greato, thanks!
Excuse me to everybody. I'm trying MathJaX extension :-)
enumaris hi
Here MathJaX works. In TeX.SE no.
@enumaris Have you also MathJaX extension? :-)
it is the same I think. Thus I can write all formulas :-) using LaTeX<->MathJaX here.
@enumaris Thank you for your cooperation.
9:34 PM
10:21 PM
@JohnRennie Amazing! Well done, thanks a lot, what a find!!!

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