« first day (1753 days earlier)   
00:00 - 08:0008:00 - 12:00

8:01 AM
The line, the triangle, the square and the circle, all related to each other in one formula.
 
@MatsGranvik mathoverflow.net/q/162076 holy heck this question is so long
 
Yes I know. Afterwards I think I could have kept it short.
@AlexClark
I forgot the point.
The point, the line, the triangle, the square and the circle, all related to each other in one formula.
 
Paul has been so busy today it seems
 
8:22 AM
@anon are you around?
 
yeah
 
I have a group homomorphism $f : G \to H$. This naturally extends to the profinite completion $\widetilde{f} : \widehat{G} \to \widehat{H}$. Can you give me an $f$ which is not an isomorphism, yet $\widetilde{f}$ is an isomorphism?
 
> f is not, yet f^~ is not
 
I guess there must be some kinda trivial counterexample with small, simple groups, but I can't find one.
 
@BalarkaSen it's true that $S^2/A$ where $A$ is a finite set of points is a wedge sum $S^2\vee S^1... \vee S^1$ right?
 
8:27 AM
yeah
 
ok
how would you prove that?
 
@BalarkaSen $G\to\hat{G}$ for (noncomplete profinite residually finite) $G$?
e.g. $\Bbb Z\to\Bbb Z_p$. also aren't finite groups already profinite complete groups?
 
@iwriteonbananas prove it for $S^2/\{pt, -pt\}$ first and then induct
 
that's $S^2/S^0$ and (CW complex, subcomplex) is always a good pair
 
@anon eh. well, how about groups $G$, $H$ which aren't profinite?
 
8:30 AM
wait no the profinite completion of $\Bbb Z$ is not $\Bbb Z_p$. bleh
 
yeah, it's $\prod \mathbf Z_n$
 
$\cong\prod\Bbb Z_p$
 
what's $(S^1\times S^1)/A$ ?
 
@iwriteonbananas Do you want to prove that $S^2/A \cong S^2 \vee S^1 \vee \cdots \vee S^1$ using an explicit homotopy equivalence or something?
 
do you mean \A ? or is A a group acting?
 
8:33 AM
@BalarkaSen no, that's not possible, i dont think they are homeomorphic
 
@iwriteonbananas $(S^1 \times S^1) \vee S^1 \vee \cdots \vee S^1$
@anon $A$ is a discrete set of points on $S^1 \times S^1$. the $/$ is quotient of topological spaces
@iwriteonbananas giving an explicit homotopy equiv would be maddening. it's easy to "see" it, though.
 
@BalarkaSen no, i tried doing that before but couldnt come up w/ one
exactly
 
so i don't know what's your question. can't you see it?
 
so X/A means X/~ where ~ identifies points in A? didn't know that.
 
@BalarkaSen ok, thanks that's what i figured
i can, it's all good. just wanted to ask u if it generalizes to any finite number of points
 
8:37 AM
@anon yeah, people use that terminology because it's too much work to write down X/~ and ~ : x ~ x', x \in A each time you want to say something about quotients.
 
@anon yeah
 
@iwriteonbananas are you doing that exercise in chapter 2.1, btw?
i vaguely recall that hatcher had a problem about computing homology of $(S^1 \times S^1)/A$. if that's what you're doing, don't cheat by finding an explicit homotopy type of the space!
the point of the exercise is to make the reader comfortable with the long exact sequence
 
yeah thats the one im doing
i thought the point of the exercise was to realize that (X,A) is a good pair and then identify the homotopy type of X/A
 
(i am lecturing you for no reason at all : the way i did it in class was by finding an homotopy type :P)
 
haha
ok fine i'll do LES too
 
8:49 AM
right.
 
ok
do you remember part b) of that exercise?
 
yeah, something about torus with the longitudal circle pinched, right?
 
@BalarkaSen In class?
 
well, yeah
orientable surface of genus 2
 
oh, so double torus mod circle?
 
8:56 AM
yeah
 
it's again easy to do it using an explicit homotopy type : it's just homotopy equivalent to torus wedge circle !
:P
but i recommend you not to do it
 
no, wait
you dont know what circle im talking about
 
it's the longitudal circle, right?
oh, nevermind, i just opened my copy of hatcher
if you pinch A, it's torus wedge torus.
if you pinch B, it's torus wedge circle
 
i dont see that
 
first pinch B to a point. it's like a horned sphere with two horns wedged along the pointy edge
now smoothen the test of the rest of both of the horns continuously.
 
8:59 AM
yeah
ok
is there a more rigorous explaination?
 
in particular, horned sphere with two horns identified along the pointy edge is equivalent to sphere with two horns and a 1-cell attached with boundary points pasted to the two pointy edges
@iwriteonbananas well, it's like i said : double torus with B collapsed is homotopy equivalent to torus connected sum cylinder with the two opposite boundary circles attached to a point
and this is homotopy equivalent to torus connected sum cylinder with the two boundary circles attached to the boundary of a 1-cell
this is in turn homotopy equivalent to torus wedge sphere wedge circle, which is torus wedge circle.
this is about as rigorous as it gets. if you want something more rigorous than this, use the long exact sequence :P
 
please write down an explicit homotopy equivalence at each step
just kidding :P
 
phew
 
i can live w/ that explanation
btw. how can we express the loop A in terms of generators of the two tori?
 
you mean generators of the punctured torus?
 
9:06 AM
two holed torus has 4 generators, right?
what's A in terms of these generators?
 
yeah.
oh, you want to express A in terms of generators of the double torus?
 
call the generators of (fundamental group of..) the left torus a,b and of the right torus c,d
yeah
 
you don't mean fundamental group. you mean the first homology group.
 
Sheesh. You study at IISc, Balarka?
 
you are forgetting about the basepoint, @iwriteonbananas
@Soham no, why would I?
 
9:10 AM
ok, let the base point be the wedge point of the 1-skeleton
 
I dug up a few chats (I was too curious about "In class"). IISc Bangalore?
Wow.
You were invited there?
 
nah, i was invited, but didn't go there
 
@BalarkaSen So what's "In class"?
 
@iwriteonbananas i have no idea. not bothering to think about it.
 
9:11 AM
I know for a fact that KC Nag doesn't cover algebraic topology in 10.
:)
 
Huy
:)
 
@BalarkaSen so you won't say?
 
i.. don't think i should.
 
You take classes at some uni then, I guess. Wow.
 
Huy
Wow.
 
9:17 AM
Is this some sort of mirror bot?
 
Wow! That's unheard of!
 
In India, more or less.
 
not regularly. i just took the alg top class.
 
Where?
In Kolkata?
 
@iwriteonbananas no, you already know i do.
 
Huy
9:17 AM
Mirror bot?
 
in kolkata, but i'd'nt like to say where.
ok, gotta go.
 
@BalarkaSen i know, i was joking
 
I thought you were repeating the last words of my messages.
 
Huy
Last words of your messages?
 
@BalarkaSen I understand. The only reason I wanted to know was, you know, because I'd like to do so too.
@Huy Yeah, like the smiley and the "wow". Don't mind me, I'm sort of distracted and sad right now. :)
 
Huy
9:19 AM
Why? :(
 
Because I've always wanted to do what Balarka's doing, but I have no idea how he's managed to. In India, it's sort of hard.
Bye guys, I'll be back in an hour or two.
I guess it comes down to being Balarka. :)
 
@SohamChowdhury It would be dangerous to compare yourself to Balarka. Some people start earlier than others, some people start and are already amazing, see Terrance Tao: "at the age of eight, Tao began to teach high school calculus at Garfield High School after attending calculus courses when he was only seven years old." - Wiki
@SohamChowdhury You are already way way ahead in terms of mathematical ability by age
I started caring about math when I was almost 19
 
I'm not comparing myself to him per se, it's more about taking classes at an university, which I doubt I would ever get an opportunity to. I've always wanted to (and I know it's very common in the US, for example), but it's AFAIK not possible over here. He's managed to do so somehow, and I have no idea how to, so that's the thing that makes me sad.
I stopped comparing myself to people who're better than me at something a long time back, but this is different.
Nevertheless, it's super kind of you, @AlexClark. Thanks. :)
Hey, can a group of order n contain elements of every order from 1 to n?
I know $S_3$ does.
 
9:35 AM
I second what Alex says, @Soham. I started mathematics from a young age (although I really knew nothing about a year ago, and still got lots of holes in my understanding -- I am studying some linear algebra right now since I never did it, for example), but being me has it's downside. I am hopelessly bad at my school studies, for one. Also, I am super-slow at grasping new concepts.
 
@BalarkaSen "hopelessly bad at my school studies" too
Can you answer my group question, please?
 
As for the uni, I'd'nt elaborate on how I got there, but I assure you I didn't ended up going there because I wanted to go there. Got lucky, I guess. You'll get plenty of time to study mathematics after you graduate, though :)
@Soham Good question. $S_n$ works, I guess.
Not sure.
 
@SohamChowdhury by lagrange's theorem, there would have to be no numbers less than n which are coprime to n
how many numbers like that do you know?
 
yikes, yes.
oh, group of order $n$. $|S_n| = n!$.
 
Ah. :)
@anon Factorials!
 
9:40 AM
nope
 
Then?
Primorials?
 
nope
 
I have no clue.
 
primorial doesn't work.
 
Gimme a hint.
 
9:41 AM
by the way S3 has order 6 and does not contain any element of order 5
 
So what's the answer?
 
the only such number is 2
 
there are no such groups except Z/2
n - 1 doesn't divide n for all n > 2
 
Okay, that makes sense, but S3?
Oh, order 6.
 
it has no elements of order 5, as anon already said
 
9:44 AM
So do symmetric groups of order n have elements of all orders from 1 to n?
 
symmetric group on n letters do
 
$S_n$?
 
yeah
 
for each 1<=k<=n, the symmetric group S_n contains the obvious cycle on {1,...,k}
which has order k
 
9:47 AM
an interesting question you could ponder on would be : what's the largest k such that a given finite group G has elements of all orders between 1 to k. it essentially boils down to some number theory.
 
What is $\mathbb{T}$ in regard to complex analysis?
 
circle group most likely. possibly the torus.
 
context-dependent, @N3buchadnezzar
 
@anon Right.
@BalarkaSen I'll try that.
 
it might or might not be a hard question. i haven't thought about it.
i guess there is more to it than some number theory. i take back what i said.
 
9:49 AM
@BalarkaSen Look again :p
 
using the usual linear order on N is a bad way of organizing orders of group elements.
 
@BalarkaSen you will be so proud of me!
 
@AlecTeal Why should Balarka be proud of you?
 
That's between me and @BalarkaSen
 
@AlecTeal Sure
@AlecTeal Maybe you want to tell us so we can be proud of you also?
 
10:06 AM
Oh, I've been doing number theory stuff and I don't dislike it >>
 
@AlecTeal I am proud of you for giving it a shot!
 
Also it wasn't from a book
 
@AlecTeal What number theory stuff?
 
I needed a result for a project Alex, rather than just "trying it for a few values and hope" I proved it!
 
@AlecTeal Have you written it up?(online for us to ponder)
 
10:11 AM
Yes, just.
I'm happy with my proof though (which is also rare!) so ... :P
 
@AlexClark Do you find that latexing your answers to exercises helps?
 
@SohamChowdhury Yes I do - but only because I am very quick at typing them up
 
I know you do. I've always wanted to, but feared it would be a waste of time.
 
@SohamChowdhury it can be
 
@SohamChowdhury It is unless you are doing proofs. Usually the time between writing down the proof far exceeds the time to type it. So it doesn't slow you down at all
 
10:12 AM
@AlexClark Hmm
 
@SohamChowdhury Mainly I hate writing on paper since the page ends and I have to start on the new one. When I go to the new page I can't help but write the relevant information at the start... Then I end up losing pages or making a mess
That being said, I would still rather just use a whiteboard, but I am not often at home(where one sits directly at my PC)
 
@SohamChowdhury the proofs on maths.kisogo.com/index.php?title=Ring#Important_theorems that one (expand them) were BORING to write because they're so trivial, a lot of the todo tags are just "I cannot be bothered"
 
@AlexClark how much of the book have you done?
 
10:19 AM
That looks like it was fun to type!
 
@SohamChowdhury Much more than what is up. But not much from those early chapters(since I had learned much of the stuff from other textbooks)
@AlecTeal Oh it was
 
You're doing rings, I guess?
Polynomial rings?
 
@SohamChowdhury Yep and yep
 
@AlexClark I will win this "who has it the worst" battle (if winning is the right word :P) check out the top two proofs for maths.kisogo.com/index.php?title=Normal_subgroup I've only done half of one
I do them in so much detail to make them link-worthy for "newcomers"
 
"Simple proof"
 
10:21 AM
It is a simple proof
 
Yes, but it looks funny on the page. :P
 
@SohamChowdhury That one is actually. But it is really nice the first time I looked at it
 
I gotta go now. You guys keep comparing how bad you're off. :)
 
@SohamChowdhury Hahahaha
 
I think I won
Unless Alex is working on a wiki filled with definitions and theorems, in which case we ought to combine!
 
10:23 AM
I dunno. I had to do the phi function for 30 values, which is just mindless plug and chug :P
@AlecTeal Haha but you are right. You probably have done this sort of thing 100 times
 
@AlexClark if you'd told me I would have written a program for you!
 
@AlecTeal I'll check how long it took me in the revision history
 
maths.kisogo.com/index.php?title=Norm is a good page, see nice definitions,
/me checks
I don't know how
 
Oh it took me 13 min, what am I whinging about...
Well 13 min from phi(4) to finished
 
That's not to bad!
 
10:27 AM
@AlecTeal Well I better get back to work now, talk later![the norm page is pretty nice btw]
 
Also @AlexClark when you start posting solutions to textbooks and whatnot, tell me. I've started putting those on the wiki.
 
 
1 hour later…
11:28 AM
@AlexClark, you there?
 
@SohamChowdhury Now I am
 
There's this problem I was struggling with:
Show $\Pi_{g\in G}g = f$ if $G$ is a finite group with a single element of order 2, called $f$.
I later discovered from the errata that the group is abelian. -_-
I still haven't solved it. (I was writing up the financial aid req for the summer program.)
 
What's the entire problem?
 
What I posted there, with the added info that $G$ is abelian.
Don't solve it for me, please.
 
11:43 AM
I'm not even sure it is true.
 
Hahaha
Must be.
 
What's the context?
Oh okay!
if $f$ is of order 2 what is the inverse of $f$
@SohamChowdhury
 
I think 2 as well? That's what's giving me pause.
No hints please, though.
 
....
No what is the inverse of $f$
Not the order of the inverse
 
Oh, shit.
$f$.
Haha, okay.
All other elements "cancel out".
 
11:46 AM
So if we have $efabcd...$
Yeah
You can take the elements of order 3,4,5,6,.... and move them around so they're in order - they do not CANCEL OUT as such, they just form $e$
 
That's what. So they line up as $aa^{-1}bb^{-1}\cdots f\cdots = f$.
It's a sort of cancelling out to me.
 
Oh okay, I was going with generators!
But yes, that's the gist, all the others are distinct from their inverses (except e)
It's not really a hint, but yes...
 
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